One must be extremely careful when using oral testimonies as historical materials. Oral testimonies were first used in historical studies in the 1920s, when testimonies were taken from former slaves in the United States. These testimonies were useful as reference materials, but the position of the historical community is that one must exercise great care to differentiate fact from fiction when using these testimonies as primary-source materials. One need only look at the oral testimonies given by the former comfort women in order to appreciate the great difficulty involved in relying solely upon these sources in trying to determine what is historically factual.
Human Trafficking and Employment Fraud.
Lee then used a chart to introduce a portion of the materials submitted to the South Korean government’s fact-finding committee on forced mobilization by the surviving family members of former comfort women. The professor confirmed the family members’ understanding that what happened was “employment fraud” and “human trafficking.” He then turned to research conducted by a female South Korean scholar, who tracked down the family members of former comfort women whose names and addresses she learned from a ledger of Koreans then residing in Indonesia. Almost all of those family members also testified that these comfort women had been subjected to “employment fraud.”
Lee then cited the following passage from a document titled “Overall Status of Koreans Resident in North China,” published in 1941 by the Beijing branch office of the Government-General of Korea: “Due to their particular language skills and tenacious lifestyles, [Korean men] have been able to keep up with the military’s advance, or even precede it…bringing with them a certain type of woman and setting up military comfort stations…. They make enormous profits in areas that are still not politically stable, and advance to the front lines.”
This same document reports that there were 732 Korean prostitutes and drink-pouring girls in north China. Lee estimates that there were, at most, 1,000 Korean comfort women in this same area. He later used this figure at the end of the lecture in estimating the total number of comfort women.
Tsutomu Nishioka is a member of the planning committee at the Japan Institute for National Fundamentals and a visiting professor at Reitaku University. He was born in 1956 in Tokyo, and graduated from the International Christian University. He worked at the Japanese embassy in South Korea as a researcher from 1982 to 1984, and served as editor in chief of monthly magazine Gendai Korea . He is chairman of National Association for the Rescue of Japanese Kidnapped by North Korea (NARKN).
Prostitute in Seoul Find a girl
With a population of over 20 million, the capital of South Korea, Seoul, began to take action in tackling the growing problem of youth prostitution and youth internet addiction in 2007. According to the National Survey of Internet Addiction Summary Report 2006, 12 percent of the South Korean population from ages 9 to 39 is reported to have symptoms of internet addiction and in Seoul, the number of internet addicted teenagers doubled in less than a decade. As for youth prostitution, every year in Seoul about 2 million teenagers choose to leave home because of domestic violence and poor academic performance. In 2009, 13,463 teenage girls left home without any stable financial support and had to earn their living through prostitution.
In order to solve the problem of youth internet addiction and youth prostitution and to improve the social services of the government, Seoul established вЂњI WillвЂќ centres-internet addiction prevention and intervention centres (abbreviated as вЂњI WillвЂќ centres) and implemented their Youth Prostitution Prevention Programme (also called the вЂњS.H.E. ProgrammeвЂќ). In 2012, SeoulвЂ™s two-programme initiative stood out from 255 candidates from all over the world and was selected as one of the five winning initiatives of the Guangzhou Award.
The Government Established "I Will" Centers to Help the Young People Give Up Internet Addiction.
In Seoul, the information technology industry, cartoon industry, and online game industry are all highly developed. In addition, personal computers are widely used and the Internet is highly accessible to the public. Adolescents are the biggest group to use computers. Severe internet addicts indulge in online games or pornographic websites, which can have severe adverse effects for their studies and their health. Moderate internet addicts linger on chat websites, video gaming sites, or other websites, which consume a lot of time and also negatively affect their studies and daily interpersonal relationships. Statistics show that internet addiction not only brings misery to urban families, but also affects the social order and educational development.
In order to solve the problem of internet addiction, Seoul set up "I Will" Centres (Internet addiction prevention and intervention centres) for children and youths in 2007. The concept of "I Will" centres is to guide young people to participate in social activities, help them gain life experiences and discover new possibilities. "I Will" centres help them find other interests and hobbies besides the Internet, and eventually make them aware of the dangers of internet addiction. Through their will and motivation, they can ultimately get rid of their internet addiction. After several years of development, Seoul has established five "I Will" centres with basically the same model and standards.
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